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Raised Garden Bed vs In-Ground: Which is Better for State College, PA?

Gardening is a wonderful way to add beauty to your home, enjoy fresh produce, and feel a sense of accomplishment. If you're just getting started or looking to spruce up your existing garden, one big question you might have is: raised garden bed vs in-ground?

It’s an important decision that can affect how you plant, grow, and maintain your garden. Here at Landscape II, we're about making landscape design and installation in Pennsylvania a breeze. 

In this blog, we'll dive into the differences, pros, and cons of raised garden beds and in-ground gardens. Let's get growing and find the best option for your garden space.

Key Takeaways

  • Raised garden beds offer better soil control and drainage but come with higher setup costs and less planting space.

  • In-ground gardens provide ample space and better water retention but may require more initial soil preparation and weed control.

  • Choose the garden type that best fits your space, budget, and gardening goals for a thriving and enjoyable garden.

Pros and Cons of Raised Beds vs In-Ground Beds

A yard with raised garden beds

When it comes to gardening, there are two main types of garden beds to consider: raised garden beds and in-ground garden beds. Each type has its unique benefits and drawbacks, and the right choice depends on your specific needs and preferences.

Raised garden beds 

Raised garden beds are like little garden islands, lifted above ground level and framed by materials such as wood, brick, plastic, or concrete. These elevated beds come in various sizes, typically ranging from 6 to 8 inches high, but they can be even taller for improved accessibility. 

The frames can vary in width and length, providing flexibility for different garden spaces and designs. The primary benefit is that they are filled with high-quality soil and soil amendments, allowing you to take full control of the soil quality for your plants.

Pros of raised beds

When it comes to raised garden beds, there are plenty of benefits that make them a popular choice among gardeners.

Better soil quality control. With raised bed gardens, you can easily add soil amendments and organic matter to create a nutrient-rich environment perfect for growing plants. This ensures high soil quality, which can be harder to achieve in in-ground gardens.

Improved drainage and soil temperature regulation. Raised garden beds offer better drainage, making them ideal for areas with poor drainage or heavy clay soil. Additionally, they warm up quicker in the spring, extending the growing season.

Reduced soil compaction and erosion. Unlike in-ground gardens, raised beds prevent soil compaction from foot traffic, maintaining loose soil for healthier plant roots. They also help reduce soil erosion.

Accessibility. Raised beds are perfect for gardeners with mobility issues as they reduce the need for bending and kneeling. They can be built taller to make gardening more comfortable.

Aesthetic appeal and organization. Raised beds give your garden a neat, organized look. They can be designed to fit the aesthetic of your garden area, creating an attractive and functional space.

Cons of raised beds

Despite their many advantages, raised garden beds do come with a few drawbacks that are important to consider.

Higher upfront cost. Building raised beds requires purchasing materials for the frames and enough soil to fill raised beds, which can be a significant initial investment.

Significant soil requirements. Raised beds require a lot of soil to fill them, especially if you have several or larger beds. This can add to the cost and effort needed to set up your garden.

Limited growing space. Most raised bed gardens are smaller than in-ground garden beds, which can limit the amount of growing space available for your plants.

Permanent structures. Once built, raised beds are relatively permanent and can be less flexible when redesigning your garden layout. Moving them or changing their configuration can be challenging and labor-intensive.

In-ground gardens

In-ground gardens are the classic approach to gardening, where you plant directly in the native soil of your garden area without the need for additional structures. 

This method allows you to make the most of the existing soil and garden space, turning your backyard into a thriving ground garden. It's simple and straightforward—just grab your tools, find a good spot, and start planting.

Pros of in-ground gardens

There are plenty of reasons why in-ground gardening is a favorite for many greenthumbs:

Lower cost and use of existing soil. In-ground gardens are easy on the wallet since you're using the soil you already have. There's no need to buy materials for frames or purchase loads of extra soil.

More space for large gardens and plants with extensive root systems. If you have a large garden, in-ground gardening is perfect. It provides ample space for plants with extensive root systems, like trees and larger vegetables, to spread out and thrive.

Better water retention and lower water requirements. In-ground beds typically retain water better than raised beds, which means less frequent watering. This can be a big plus during the hot summer months.

Easier to adapt to changes and move garden areas. Need to move your planting area or switch up your garden design? In-ground gardens offer the flexibility to adapt and change as your gardening needs evolve.

Cons of in-ground gardens

Of course, there are some challenges to keep in mind when gardening in-ground. This includes:

Potential for soil compaction and poor soil quality. Without the benefits of raised bed frames, in-ground gardens can suffer from soil compaction, especially in areas with heavy foot traffic. Also, the quality of the native soil might not always be ideal and may require improvement with organic matter or soil amendments.

More weeds and potential for invasive plants. Ground gardens can become a battleground for weeds and invasive plants. Weed seeds can easily take root, requiring more effort to clear your garden beds.

Requires initial digging and soil preparation. Before you start planting directly in your garden area, you'll need to prepare the soil, which often means a lot of digging and tilling. This initial labor can be quite the workout.

May have poor drainage and soil erosion issues. Depending on the quality of your existing soil, in-ground gardens might face challenges with drainage and soil erosion, especially in areas prone to heavy rainfall.

What to Consider When Choosing Your Garden Bed

Deciding between raised garden beds and in-ground gardens is like picking the right shoes—it's all about the perfect fit for your needs. Here are some key factors to help you decide what's best for your garden space.

Garden space and size

If you have a large garden area, in-ground gardening might be your best bet since it offers plenty of room for growing plants with extensive root systems. 

Raised bed gardens are perfect for smaller spaces or if you want to add raised beds in specific spots of your yard. A few raised beds can make a big impact even in a compact garden space.

Soil quality and existing soil conditions

Take a look at your native soil. Is it rich and fertile, or does it need a little help? 

Raised garden beds let you start with high-quality soil, giving your plants the best possible start. If your existing soil is less than ideal, adding organic matter or using raised beds can make a big difference. 

Ground gardens can work well if your soil is already in good shape or can be easily improved.

Budget and resources

Raised bed gardening often requires a higher upfront investment for materials like wooden raised beds, soil, and raised bed frames. 

If you're on a tight budget, in-ground gardening can save money by using available soil and fewer additional resources. You can also get creative with recycled materials to build your own garden beds.

Gardening goals and types of plants

Are you looking to grow various vegetables, or maybe you want to plant a few ornamental plants? 

Raised beds offer excellent soil quality control and can be ideal for growing vegetables and other specific plants. In-ground gardens provide more space for larger plants and cover crops.

Climate and weather conditions

Raised garden beds warm up faster in the spring, which is great for an early start to the growing season. However, they can also dry out quicker in hot weather, so you might need to water more often. 

In-ground gardens retain moisture better and can handle varying weather conditions more effectively.

Personal preferences and physical abilities

Raised beds are easier to access, reducing the need for bending and kneeling, which is perfect for gardeners with mobility issues. 

If you enjoy the traditional approach of planting directly in the ground and don't mind the extra effort, in-ground gardening could be more satisfying.

Handy Tips for Your Garden Beds

A person planting seeds in ground

Still choosing between raised garden beds and in-ground gardens? Here are some practical tips to make your gardening journey a breeze.

Building and installing raised beds

For raised bed gardening, try using recycled materials for your raised bed frame. It’s eco-friendly and reduces your garden’s carbon footprint. Old wooden pallets, bricks, or large rocks can create sturdy garden beds with four walls.

Pick a sunny spot with good drainage. Raised garden beds warm up faster in spring, so a sunny location gives your plants a head start. Orienting your raised beds north to south ensures even sunlight distribution.

Soil quality is crucial. Mix in organic matter and soil amendments for high-quality soil. This helps your raised garden thrive, providing the nutrients your plants need. 

Preparing your in-ground garden

For in-ground gardening, start by improving your native soil. Add organic matter like compost or well-rotted manure to enhance soil quality.

Use cover crops like clover or rye to boost soil fertility. These can be tilled back into the soil, adding nutrients and improving structure. This also helps with weed control and soil erosion.

Mulching around your plants keeps weeds at bay and retains soil moisture. Regular weeding is necessary to keep your garden beds clear.

Drip irrigation and watering techniques

Efficient watering is key for both garden types. Drip irrigation systems ensure your plants get the right amount of water without waste, especially for raised beds that dry out quickly.

In-ground gardens benefit from deep, less frequent watering. This encourages roots to grow deeper, making plants more resilient. Raised beds may need more frequent watering, especially in hot weather.

Simplify Your Garden Choices with Landscape II

Are you torn between choosing raised garden beds or an in-ground garden? We understand—the decision can be tough. 

At Landscape II, our experts make it easy to decide by offering tailored advice and high-quality materials, whether you want to set up new raised beds or improve your existing ground garden.

Let us take the guesswork out of gardening. Our comprehensive services cover everything from installation to soil preparation, ensuring you have the best setup to grow food sustainably and efficiently. Ready to transform your garden? Call us today, and let's get growing.


Deciding between raised beds and in-ground gardens can seem tricky, but it all boils down to your needs and preferences. 

Raised beds offer excellent soil control, improved drainage, and ease of maintenance, making them ideal for many gardeners. On the other hand, in-ground beds provide more space and better water retention, perfect for those looking to grow a larger variety of plants. 

Both options have their pros and cons. It's important to consider what works best for your entire garden area. Take a moment to assess your gardening goals, budget, and available space. The key is to choose what makes you happiest.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are raised beds better than in-ground beds?

Raised beds vs. in-ground gardens is a common debate, but it depends on your needs. 

Raised beds offer better soil control, improved drainage, and easier maintenance, making them great for small spaces or poor native soil. Ground gardens provide more space and better water retention, which makes them ideal for larger plant varieties.

What are the disadvantages of raised garden beds?

Raised garden beds can be more expensive to set up. It requires materials for the frame and soil to fill them. They also offer less planting space than in-ground beds and may need more frequent watering. Once established, they are less flexible for garden redesigns.

What's the difference between the soil of the in-ground and raised bed?

In-ground garden soil relies on the native soil of your garden, which may vary in quality and require amendments. Raised bed garden soil is often a custom mix of high-quality soil and organic matter, offering better control over nutrients and drainage for your plants.


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